MD (1971) Cum laudem and Bachelor of Arts (1978), Summa cum laudem, both from Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas. Romero holds a PhD in Art History from the University of La Sorbonne (Pantheon-Sorbonne), Paris (1979-1982).
He studied Museology at the International Council of Museums (ICOM), Paris (1982), and the Museum Management Institute, University of California, Berkeley-Getty Foundation, California (1994).
He has written a number of essays on Venezuelan art and has curated exhibitions in Venezuela and abroad of art of the nineteenth and twentieth century in Venezuela. He was co-curator of the show Armando Reverón. Exposición antológica, at the Velasquez Palace of the Museo Reina Sofía, Madrid (1992) and curator of the Venezuelan representation in the Venice Biennale (1994).
He has been a member of the Board of Directors as well as an advisor for various Venezuelan museums such as: Museo de Arte Moderno Jesús Soto, Museo Arturo Michelena, Museo Armando Reverón, Museo de Arte Popular de Petare and the Galería Nacional de Arte; he has also been a Professor of Art History at the School of Arts at the Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas. He was Director of Culture for the Universidad Nacional Abierta, Caracas (1984-1988) and Executive Director of the Fundación Galería Nacional de Arte (GAN), Caracas (1989-1998).
From 1998-2008 he was Director of the Colección Patricia Phelps de Cisneros (CPPC), the Visual Arts Program of the Cisneros Foundation. Since 2008 he has served as Director Emeritus of the CPPC, based in Caracas.
He is currently a member of AICA in Venezuela, the Advisory Committee for Visual Arts of Americas Society, New York, and Vice-President of the Asociación Civil Proyecto Armando Reverón (PAR), Caracas, an institution created for the study and promotion of life and work of that artist.